Emergency Supplies at Home: After a disaster, be prepared to cope with an interruption to your water, gas, electricity, food supply, phone and internet.
- Water, one gallon of water per person per day for at least seven days, for drinking and sanitation
- Food, at least a seven-day supply of non-perishable food
- Infant formula and supply of diapers
- Backup supply of prescription maintenance medications, in case you run out.
- Battery-powered or hand-crank radio and extra batteries
- Flashlights, camping lanterns and extra batteries
- Cell phone with chargers, inverter or solar charger
- First aid kit (See below for details)
- 2 minimum Dust Mask (N-95 rated) to help filter contaminated air
- Plastic sheeting and duct tape to make a shelter-in-place kit
- Moist towelettes, garbage bags and plastic ties for personal sanitation
- Wrench or pliers to turn off utilities
- Manual can opener for food
- Pet food, medications and a basic first aid kit for your pet
- Fire extinguishers
- NOAA Weather Radio with tone alert and extra batteries
Emergency Supplies Away from the Home:
Have a “Go-Kit” packed with supplies you will need if you re-locate away from the house.
- Complete change of clothing including a long sleeved shirt, long pants, jacket and sturdy shoes. Consider additional clothing if you live in a cold-weather climate.
- Prescription medications and glasses
- Cash or traveler’s checks and change
- Pet supplies incl. water, leashes, etc.
- Knife and/or multi-tool
- Battery-operated portable radio
- Emergency reference material such as a first aid book or free information from this web site. (See Publications)
- Sleeping bag or warm blanket for each person. Consider additional bedding if you live in a cold-weather climate.
- Fire extinguisher
- Matches in a waterproof container or alternate fire-starter
- Feminine supplies and personal hygiene items
- Mess kits, paper cups, plates, paper towels and plastic utensils
- Paper and pencil, pen, marker
- Books, games, puzzles or other activities for children
- Local maps if necessary
- Household chlorine bleach and medicine dropper – When diluted, nine parts water to one part bleach. Bleach can be used as a disinfectant, or in an emergency you can use it to treat water by using 16 drops of regular household liquid bleach per gallon of water. Do not use scented, color safe or bleaches with added cleaners.
- Important family documents such as copies of insurance policies, identification and bank account records in a waterproof, portable container. You can use the Emergency Financial First Aid Kit – EFFAK (PDF – 977Kb) developed by Operation Hope, FEMA and Citizen Corps to help you organize your information.
First Aid Kit: In an emergency injuries can happen. Knowing how to treat minor injuries can make a big difference. If you have these basic first aid supplies you are better prepared to stop bleeding, prevent infection and assist in decontamination.
- Two pairs (minimum) of non-Latex exam gloves. (Some people are allergic to Latex).
- Sterile 3” or 4” dressings to stop bleeding
- Roller Gauze to wrap the dressings in-place.
- Cleansing agent/soap and antibiotic towelettes
- Antibiotic ointment
- Burn Ointment- for minor burns (non-hospital) only
- Adhesive bandages (Band-Aids) in a variety of sizes
- Eye wash solution to flush the eyes, or Saline, or clean water in a squeeze bottle for wound irrigation.
- Prescription medications you take every day such as insulin, heart medicine and asthma inhalers. You should periodically rotate medicines to account for expiration dates.
- Prescribed medical supplies such as glucose and blood pressure monitoring equipment and suppliesNon-prescription drugs:
- Aspirin or non-aspirin pain reliever
- Anti-diarrhea medication
- EMT-style scissors or shears
- Tube of petroleum jelly or other lubricant
- Plastic bags (various sizes) for biohazard disposal, general garbage, etc.
Supplies for Unique Needs
Remember the unique needs of your family members, including infants, growing children and the elderly when making your emergency supply kit and family emergency plan.
Ask your doctor about storing prescription medications such as heart and high blood pressure medication, insulin and other prescription drugs.